This is a small collection of the further research we’ve done into the Scouting movement to ensure that our films remains as true to the real thing as possible:
Why the Uniform?
From: Eileen K. Wade, 27 Years with Baden-Powell, 1957
I WAS talking lately on the telephone to a friend who remarked that if she were a millionaire she would give to every Scout in the movement a proper Scout hat and ask him to wear it. “What a joy it would be,” she said, “to see Scouts dressed as Scouts, even if only on formal occasions.”
I suppose the lid does not really matter so much as what is inside the box, but to the Founder the hat, like every other part of a Scout’s uniform, had a significance that was almost spiritual. Boys who first wore it had to put Up with a good deal of ridicule and, by “sticking it out,” had achieved for their uniform a general admiration and respect.
Even in Scotland, where boys would have much preferred to wear their bonnet, they gave in to their Chief’s ruling out of a sense of loyalty and in order to preserve uniformity throughout the Scout world.
The hat distinguished the Scout from every other boy in the world.
Scouting for Boys: A Handbook for Instruction in Good Citizenship - Robert Baden-Powell
Part III. Camp life, Campaigning
The third part covers pages 143 to 206. It contains chapter IV on camp life, and chapter V on campaigning.
11. Pioneering, Hut building, Felling trees, How to make bridges, Self measures, the scout is always a handy-man, Hints to instructors, Books to read.
12. Camping, Comfort in camp, Camp fires-the right way of making them, Tidiness, Hints to instructors.
13. Camp life, Cooking, Bread making, Cattle-driving and slaughtering, Cleanliness, Water, Hints to instructors, Camp games, Book to read.
14. Life in the open, Exploration, Boat cruising, Watermanship, Mountaineering, Patrolling, Night work, Weather wisdom, Hints to instructors, Games, Books on life in the open
15. Pathfinding, Judging heights and distances, Finding the North, Hints to instructors, Games in pathfinding, Books to read.
16 Information by signal, Signalling, Whistle and flag signals, Practices in signalling, Hints to instructors, Marks towards badges of honour in campaigning, Dispatch running, Display
1st World Jamboree
Olympia, England, 1920
Laszlo Nagy, was Chief Executive of the World Bureau (World Organization of the Scout Movement) throughout the 1970’s. His book 250 Million Scouts was published by the World Scout Foundation in 1985. It relates the growth of the Movement and of the World Organization. He describes the 1920’s as “ten decisive years” for Scouting, and writes of the 1st World Jamboree:
It is generally accepted that the 1920s were the most important period in Scouting history. With the end of the 1914-1918 war, the sympathetic but slightly mocking attitude of the public changed into respect and even admiration….
… This was the ideal time for B.P. to launch his project for the great international “Jamboree” - a rarely used expression he borrowed from American slang and meaning noisy revelry, carousel or spree. This is how he described his intentions: “I should like to explain that the word ‘international’ has been introduced into the description of Jamboree with the idea of showing that we welcome to it Scouts from all parts of the world, if they can come … not only those who were our close allies but also those who remained neutral and even those who were for the time being our enemies where they exist.”
An enormous feat of organization, the first Jamboree was held from July 30, to August 8, 1920. B.P. himself played the key role as General Commissioner. The Organizing Secretary was A. G. Wade, a former Secretary of the Association back from the war with the rank of Commander. A first-class man, Wade stayed with Scouting for life. His wife Eileen also caught the Scouting bug and was private secretary to B.P. for 27 years.
Some 8,000 Scouts turned up from 21 independent countries and 12 British dependencies. About 5,000 camped, the rest lodging in makeshift boarding houses or at the vast Olympia Hall in London where the Jamboree took place. The festivities lasted for eight days. Hardly a Jamboree in the strict sense of the term, it was a combination of exhibition, fairground and parades on a vast scale with an infinite variety of games, sports, Scouting skills and singing, and stage shows. Despite the heavy rain, this first Jamboree was an impressive demonstration of international Scout fraternity. It proved that 12 years after the foundation of the Movement and only two years after the war’s end, Scouting could unite the nations in one uniform and in a common spirit of peace and friendship. The Jamboree was viewed well by the public. The presence of the reigning monarch and two heirs to the British throne gave it the seal of royal approval and proved that Scouting was taken seriously even in high places.
At the height of the festivities, an amusing suggestion was put forward by James E. West, Chief Scout Executive of the Boy Scouts of America who were present in force with a high-level contingent. An American lawyer, West was another who had recently accepted a so-called limited assignment of six months with the Scout Movement and found himself still there 32 years later. His proposal, made half in jest and half seriously, was that B.P. should be awarded the title of Great Indian Chief. B.P. found the idea amusing but during the initiation ceremony the following day, one of the young Scouts in the huge audience suddenly shouted “Long live the Chief Scout of the World.” The cry was taken up by thousands, and on this memorable August 6, 1920, B.P. was officially acclaimed as Chief Scout of the World.